The general offensive for the conquest of as much of Palestine as possible was launched by the Zionist leadership on 4 April 1948 within the framework of Plan Dalet (Hebrew for D), drawn up by the Haganah. One of its first objectives was to conquer the scores of Palestinian villages between Jaffa and Jerusalem through a series of coordinated military operations designated Nachshon, Harel, and Maccabi. All these villages lay outside the boundaries of the Jewish state envisioned in the UN partition recommendation (see 389). On 2 April 1948, three days before Operation Nachshon commenced, the Haganah attacked and occupied the Palestinian village of Castel, about five miles west of Jerusalem, expelling its inhabitants.

Castel Counterattack

Castel Recaptured

Deir Yassin