1940

February 28: Publication of Land Transfers Regulations, provided for in White Paper of 1939; regulations protect Palestinian land rights against Zionist acquisition.

August: Death of Vladimir Jabotinsky, right-wing founder of Zionist Revisionist movement.

November: British forbid entry of illegal Jewish immigrants into Palestine for security reasons, but accommodate them elsewhere for duration of war.

SS Patriacarrying illegal Jewish immigrants to be transferred by British to alternative accommodation outside Palestine blown up by Zionist terrorists; lives of 252 Jews and British police personnel lost.

1942

February: Avraham Stern, founder of Stern Gang, killed by British police.

MV Struma, carrying Jewish immigrants from Rumania, blown up and sunk in Black Sea, with loss of 760 lives.

May: Zionist Biltmore Conference, held at Biltmore Hotel in New York and attended by leading Zionists from U.S. and Palestine, formulates new policy of creating "Jewish commonwealth" in whole of Palestine and organizing Jewish army.

December: Members of U.S. Congress and U.S. public figures submit memorandum to President Roosevelt backing Zionist demand for Jewish army.

1943

March: British uncover large-scale network, connected with Haganah, for stealing arms and explosives from British military installations.

March 20: David Ben-Gurion states that end of World War II will be beginning of Zionist struggle in Palestine.

November: Five-year limit on Jewish immigration (due to end in April 1944) stipulated in White Paper of 1939 extended by Britain because 31,000 visas were still unused.

1944

January: Stern Gang and Irgun join ranks in campaign of terror against British.

U.S. Congress introduces joint resolution endorsing Biltmore Program.

February 14: Two British policemen shot dead in Haifa by Zionist terrorists.

March 23: Eight British policemen killed in Haifa, Jaffa, Tel Aviv, and Jerusalem by Zionist terrorists.

May: British Labour Party passes resolution recommending that Palestinians be "encouraged" to move out of Palestine to make way for Jewish immigrants.

Summer: Election platforms of U.S. Republican and Democratic parties call for unrestricted Jewish immigration into Palestine and establishment of Jewish commonwealth in whole country.

August 8: Attempt by Zionist terrorists to assassinate High Commissioner Sir Harold MacMichael and Lady MacMichael in Jerusalem fails.

September: British decide to form Jewish Brigade Group (unit larger than normal brigade) within British army; Brigade Group personnel to be recruited from Palestine.

October: British Middle East commander in chief states that Jewish terrorists are "directly impeding the war effort of Great Britain" and "assisting the enemy."

Preparatory Conference on Arab Unity, held in Alexandria, Egypt, and attended by Palestinian representative, proposes formation of Arab state in Palestine in which non-Arab community will have full rights of citizenship.

November 6: Stern Gang terrorists assassinate Lord Walter Moyne, British resident minister of state, in Cairo.

1945

January: U.S. House of Representatives resolves that U.S. shall facilitate unrestricted Jewish immigration to Palestine in order to reconstitute country as Jewish commonwealth.

February 14: President Roosevelt meets King ibn-Saud at Suez Canal and assures him U.S. will make no move hostile to Arab peoples.

March 22: Covenant of League of Arab States, emphasizing Arab character of Palestine, signed in Cairo by representatives of Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan, and Yemen.

May 8: End of European war.

July 1: On visit to U.S., Ben-Gurion meets with nineteen prominent American Zionists, who pledge to finance purchase in U.S. of military industrial machinery for use of Haganah.

August 31: President Truman asks British Prime Minister Clement Attlee to grant immigration certificates allowing 100,000 Jews into Palestine.

September: Revival of large-scale illegal Zionist immigration into Palestine.

September 2: Surrender of Japan to Allies.

September 28: British policeman killed in Tel Aviv by Zionist terrorists.

October 31: Palestinian railroad lines cut in 242 places; British suspect combined operation by Haganah, Irgun, and Stern Gang.

November 10: Arab League protests, to Britain and U.S., continued Zionist mass immigration into Palestine.

November 13: British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin announces in new statement of policy (White Paper of 1945) continued Jewish immigration into Palestine after exhaustion of 1939 White Paper quota; he also proposes formation of Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry.

November 22: New Arab Higher Committee for Palestine formed to replace one disbanded by British in 1937.

November 24: Six Jews killed in clashes with British troops at coastal colony of Givat Haim.

December 5: Arab League secretary general objects to continued Zionist mass immigration into Palestine after exhaustion of 1939 White Paper quota, and inquires what contribution U.S. and Britain are making to relieve postwar Jewish refugee problem in Europe.

December 27: Irgunists kill five British soldiers and policemen in simultaneous attacks in Jerusalem, Jaffa, and Tel Aviv.

1946

January 16: King ibn-Saud of Saudi Arabia and King Farouk of Egypt issue joint statement from Cairo expressing support for Palestinians.

January 19: Irgunist terrorist attack on Central Prison in Jerusalem results in death of two British officers.

February: Palestinians strike in protest against British decision to allow Zionist mass immigration to continue at rate of 1,500 per month in spite of exhaustion of 1939 White Paper quota.

March 6: Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry arrives in Palestine.

March 28: Arab League establishes fund to protect Palestinian farmers against Zionist land acquisition.

April 25: Seven British soldiers killed in Irgunist terrorist attack on military parking lot in Tel Aviv.

May: Anglo-American Committee publishes report recommending admission of 100,000 Jewish immigrants into Palestine and abolition of Land Transfers Regulations, which protected Palestinians against Zionist land acquisition (see 28 February 1940).

Palestinians strike in protest against Anglo- American Committee's recommendations.

Haganah formulates May 1946 Plan.

May 28-29: At their first summit meeting (in Anshas, Egypt) Arab League heads of state declare that continued support by Britain and U.S. of Zionist mass immigration to and land acquisition in Palestine constitutes hostile act against all Arab countries. They call for independence of Palestine and formation of national government that will safeguard rights of all citizens irrespective of race or creed.

June 6: President Truman calls for immediate immigration of 100,000 Jews into Palestine.

June 11-12: Members of Arab League, meeting in Bludan, Syria, adopt secret resolutions warning Britain and U.S. that their continued disregard of Arab rights in Palestine will adversely affect oil and other commercial interests of two countries in Arab world.

June 17: Simultaneous attacks, presumably by Haganah, on eight major railroad and highway bridges .

June 18: Six British officers abducted by Irgunists in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.

June 29: British forces arrest 2,675 Jews, including four members of Jewish Agency, in retaliation for terrorist attacks.

July 2: President Truman says U.S. will assume responsibility for transporting 100,000 Jewish immigrants to Palestine.

July 22: Irgunists blow up wing of King David Hotel in Jerusalem housing British civilian administration; 91 civilians killed.

July 24: British issue special White Paper on Terrorism in Palestine accusing Jewish Agency of involvement in acts of terrorism with Irgun and Stem Gang.

July 25: British invite Arab and Zionist leaders to enter negotiations on Palestine.

July 31: Anglo-American Conference, meeting in London, proposes federal scheme for solution of Palestine problem known as Morrison-Grady Plan (after British and American chief delegates, respectively); plan rejected by both Arab and Zionist leaders.

August 5: Jewish Agency asks for Jewish state in Palestine comprising area recommended by 1937 Royal (Peel) Commission, plus whole of Negev.

August 14: President Truman forwards to London partition plan for Palestine along lines demanded by Jewish Agency on August 5.

September: Delegates from Arab states to Round Table Conference in London propose unitary state of Palestine, preserving current Arab majority, in which Jews would have full civil rights.Attended by neither Palestinian nor Zionist leaders, conference ends inconclusively.

September 9: British security officer for Tel Aviv killed with his wife when their house blown up by Zionist terrorists.

October 5: President Truman urges immediate substantial Jewish immigration into Palestine.

October 6: Governor Dewey of New York advocates immigration into Palestine of "not 100,000 but several hundred thousand Jews."

October 29: Inner Zionist Council declares that only establishment of Jewish state can solve twin problems of Jewish people and Palestine.

October 30: Two British soldiers and one British policeman killed, and twelve soldiers wounded, in Irgunist bomb attack on Jerusalem railroad station.

November 5: Jewish leaders arrested on 29 June released.

November 9: Four British policemen killed in house booby-trapped by Irgunists.

November 13: Six policemen killed and ten injured in Irgunist terrorist attack on railroad car on Lydda-Jerusalem line.

November 17: Three British policemen killed near Tel Aviv when vehicle mined by Irgunists explodes.

December 2: Four British soldiers killed in military vehicle blown up by land mine planted by Irgunists.

December 4: Jewish Agency Executive appeals for cessation of acts of terrorism by Jews.

December 12: Arab League calls on Britain to arm Palestinians against Zionist terrorist attacks.

December 24: World Zionist Congress, meeting in Basel, decides not to send representatives to London Conference.

December 29: British army officer and three NCOs abducted by Irgunists and flogged in reprisal for flogging of Irgunist terrorist.

1947

January 26: London Round Table Conference reopens.

January 12: Car bomb driven by Irgunists into British administrative headquarters in Haifa kills two British and two Palestinian policemen, and injures more than 100 persons.

January 26: British businessman abducted by Irgunists in Jerusalem.

January 27: British president of district court of Tel Aviv abducted by Irgunists.

January 28-29: Two abducted Britishers released after British issue ultimatum to Irgun.

February 7: British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin proposes variant of Morrison-Grady federal plan at London Conference and to Jewish Agency.

February 9-10: Both Jewish Agency and Arab delegations to London Conference reject Bevin's proposal.

February 18: Bevin announces British submission of Palestine problem to United Nations.

February 28: Twenty persons (military, police, and civilian) killed in series of Zionist terrorist attacks, including demolition of British officers' club in Jerusalem.

March 24: Arab League blames Britain and U.S. for deteriorating situation in Palestine.

April 16: Four Zionist terrorists executed in Acre prison.

April 26: British officer and five security personnel killed when car bomb driven by Irgunists into British camp at Sarona, near Tel Aviv.

April 28: UN General Assembly opens special session on Palestine problem.

May 15: UN special session ends with appointment of eleven-member Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP), eleventh commission of inquiry appointed since 1919.

May 21: In two simultaneous terrorist attacks near Tel Aviv, Haganah kills two Palestinians and wounds seven.

June 5: Stern Gang claims responsibility for letter bombs addressed to leading British government officials in London.

June 14: UNSCOP members begin arriving in Palestine.

July 20: UNSCOP arrives in Beirut to hear testimony from representatives of Arab states.

July 30: Irgun announces "execution" of two British army sergeants held hostage since July 12.

August 15: Haganah terrorist attack on Palestinian orange grower's house near Tel Aviv kills twelve occupants including mother and six children.

September: Haganah emissaries sent to Czechoslovakia to conclude arms deal with Skoda arms firm.

September 8: Publication of UNSCOP report; majority of members recommend partition, and minority recommend federal solution.

September 16-19: Arab League, meeting in Sofar, Lebanon, appoints Technical Military Committee to supervise Palestinian defense needs, and denounces UNSCOP partition recommendation.

September 26: British Colonial Secretary Arthur Creech Jones announces Britain's decision to terminate Palestine Mandate.

September 29: Arab Higher Committee for Palestine announces rejection of partition.

October 2: Jewish Agency announces acceptance of partition.

October 3: Palestinians call for three-day general strike.

October 7-15: Arab League, meeting in Aley, Lebanon, reaffirms secret Bludan resolutions affecting Western oil interests, and allocates £1,000,000 to Technical Military Committee.

October 11: U.S. endorses partition.

October 13: Soviet Union endorses partition.

October 29: Britain indicates it will leave Palestine in six months if no settlement agreeable to both Zionists and Palestinians reached.