The Pan-Islamic Conference, Jerusalem, December 1931. The formation in 1929 of the enlarged Jewish Agency (to include many eminent and influential Zionist and non-Zionist Jewish leaders from all over the world), and the perceived danger to the Muslim holy places in Jerusalem arising from tensions at the Wailing Wall (see 1
), brought about a worldwide Islamic reaction. In response to an invitation issued by Haj Amin al-Husseini, mufti of Jerusalem, 145 delegates from 22 Islamic countries attended the Pan-Islamic Conference. The conference voiced fears of rightwing Zionist encroachment on the Muslim holy places, and endorsed Palestinian demands for national independence.