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Musa Kazim Pasha al-Husseini


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1920s and 1930s
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Musa Kazim Pasha al-Husseini, the elder statesman of Palestinian politics in the 1920s and early 1930s. A graduate of Maktab Mulkiye (Civil Service School) in Constantinople, he held important administrative positions in the Ottoman Empire. Between 1892 and 1913 he was mutasarrif ("governor") of several provinces in the Arabian Peninsula, Syria, and Asia Minor. Shortly after the British occupied Palestine, he was appointed mayor of Jerusalem, but was removed from office in April 1920 for his opposition to British pro-Zionist policies. From that date until his death in 1934, he led the Palestinian national movement (see 68, 84, 85, 86, 100-101, 104, 111-112).
He was the father of Abd aI-Qadir al-Husseini, who became a leader of the Palestinian resistance during the Great Rebellion of 1936-39 and again in the 1948 War (see 253, 396, 409, 410, 411).