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The Peel Commission and Partition


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ca. 1936
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The members of the Palestine Royal Commission arrived in Palestine in November 1936. Third left is Lord Peel, chairman of the commission. The commission's report, published in July 1937, found that the underlying causes of the disturbances were the Palestinians' desire for national independence and their fear of the establishment of a Jewish national home. It nevertheless recommended the partition of Palestine into a Jewish state, a Palestinian state to be merged with Transjordan, and British Mandatory enclaves. The Jews, who at the time owned only 5.6 percent of Palestine, were to be given 33 percent of the country, from which Peel suggested that the Palestinian inhabitants could be expelled. Palestinians received the report with shock, dismay, and frenzied resistance.