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The Pinnacle of Palestinian Education: The Arab College (1)


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Staff and students of the Arab College at its old premises, Bab al-Zahirah (Herod's Gate), Jerusalem, 1930. As the highest Palestinian educational institution in the country, the Arab College was distinguished for its stringent admissions requirements and for its equal emphasis on both the Islamic-Arab heritage and the Western classical and liberal traditions (see 240). By the end of the Mandate, it had evolved into a university-level college; its seniors qualified for London University's B.A. degree, and many of its graduates were sent on scholarships to the United Kingdom. The staff (seated, second row) included Ahmad Tuqan, second left, from Nablus (physics, Cambridge University), who later became chief of the Royal Cabinet and prime minister of Jordan; the principal of the college, Ahmad Samih al-Khalidi, center, from Jerusalem (Psychology, American University of Beirut), author of several volumes on pedagogy that became standard textbooks in several Arab countries, and translator into Arabic of works by M. Montessori and the German psychologist W. Stekel; and Muhammad Haj Mir, third right (History, Tübingen University).