Raghib al-Nashashibi (see 100
), an outstanding public figure under the Ottoman Empire, the British Mandate, and the Jordanian administration. He began his career as head of the Ottoman Department of Public Works, and then represented Jerusalem in the Ottoman Parliament during World War I. From 1920 to 1934 he was mayor of Jerusalem. He formed and led the Defense Party, which he represented on the Arab Higher Committee (see 242
). Generally considered a moderate in his opposition to the British Mandate, he became custodian of the holy places of Jerusalem after the 1948 War, under Jordanian rule.