The Grand Serai (see 164
), housing local government offices, Jaffa, July 1908: A large Palestinian crowd gathers to celebrate the revolution in Constantinople popularly known by the Arabs as al-Hurriyyah (Arabic for "liberty") and declared by the "Young Turks" against the despotic sultan Abdul Hamid. The revolution called for the restoration of the Constitution of 1876 and the holding of elections for a new Parliament (see 3
). Both Arabs and Turks participated in the "Young Turks" movement but, as World War I approached, tensions between the two peoples mounted.